Can My Dog Eat This & Which Foods Are Safe For Dogs? | ProDog Raw

What Can My Dog Eat?


by Caroline Griffith

  • Can my dog eat açai berries?

    Açai berries are not good for dogs to eat.

    Do not panic if your dog accidentally eats one or two, more than this, however, could cause vomiting and excessive thirst, and, if left unchecked could cause kidney issues. This is because the same compound in chocolate known to be poisonous to dogs, theobromine, is also present in açai.

    Many berries are labelled as superfoods, and can be very beneficial for dogs to eat. Açai berries, unfortunately, are not one of those.

  • Can dogs eat almonds?

    Almonds are safe for dogs to eat, and are best fed as a crushed nut or powder as there is a risk of choking or intestinal blockage if they are fed whole. Your dog’s individual digestive health will determine how likely this is to occur, but you should always try to err on the side of caution with nuts.

    Some almond brands sometimes contain a mould toxin called aflatoxin, which can contribute to skin issues, nausea or even, in extreme circumstances, seizures in dogs. The mould is all down to how the almonds are stored, which, as the end buyer, can be difficult to identify.

    Otherwise, almonds can provide useful additional fatty acids, vitamins and minerals to your dog’s diet.

  • Can dogs eat apples?

    While the flesh of an apple is safe for dogs to eat – and can be nutritious too – apple pips are not good for dogs (they even contain some cyanide!).

    Apples are best fed as a once in a while snack or as a treat if your dog likes them. Like most fruits they are sugar-rich and not as nutritious as leafy green vegetables or berries.

  • Can my dog eat apricots?

    Apricots are safe for dogs to eat but the stone from an apricot is not.

    Apricots can be given as an occasional snack or treat, as they provide a small amount of  vitamin C and A. As with most fruits, however, they can be higher in sugars than, say, leafy and nutritious vegetables, so try and feed them sparingly.

  • Can my dog eat artichokes?

    Globe artichokes and Jerusalem artichokes are safe for dogs to eat. Artichokes sold in oil may not be healthy for dogs, however.

    Like many vegetables, globe artichokes are fairly high in minerals, like magnesium, as well as a range of B vitamins and vitamin C. Your dog will likely digest globe artichokes better if you cook the vegetables first.

    The most useful, purported, attribute of globe artichokes, is their ability to support the liver in detoxification. As a member of the thistle family, like milk thistle, globe artichokes contain the antioxidants cynarin and silymarin, which are both thought to positively impact liver function.

    Jerusalem artichokes are also good for dogs to eat. These are more of a root than a vegetable, and do not need to be peeled before feeding to your dog. They do, however, need to be lightly cooked for proper digestion to occur. This root vegetable is high in the fibre inulin, a well-known prebiotic that feeds and sustains the good bacteria of your dog’s microbiome. Jerusalem artichokes also contain a fair amount of iron and potassium.

  • Can dogs eat asparagus?

    Asparagus is safe for dogs to eat. In fact, asparagus is one of the most useful vegetables for dogs due to its strong prebiotic content, coupled with above average amounts of vitamin K and vitamin B9 (folate).

    These nutrients all make the asparagus great for your dog’s digestive system, supporting and even enhancing digestive function.

    Asparagus can contribute to the natural balance of your dog’s gut bacteria and also contains useful flavonoids and anti-inflammatory compounds, such as quercetin.

    You can feed asparagus to your dog a few times a week, perhaps rotated with other prebiotic foods too. Aim to feed lightly cooked, chopping off the bottom third of the vegetable, which can be tough to digest even after cooking.

  • Can my dog eat aubergine?

    Aubergine is not toxic to dogs. However, it is not suitable for dogs with inflammatory conditions or dogs with kidney ailments.

    Many dogs carry internal inflammation showing up as skin ailments or joint issues, Kidneys can also be compromised without outward symptoms showing so it is better to offer other, more useful, vegetables such as leafy greens or those from the cucumber family.

    While your dog accidentally eating some aubergine should be okay, we wouldn’t recommend that you add any to your dog’s food bowl.

  • Can dogs eat avocado?

    The stone and the rind of an avocado are unsafe for a dog to eat, and they can sometimes even cause vomiting and poisoning. The flesh of an avocado is also felt to be unsafe as it contains similarly toxic traces.

    Controversially, some dog food companies have begun adding avocado to their foods. While avocados do contain some useful nutritious fatty acids there is little need for them to be in your dog’s diet, as, in any event, there are more nutritious fruit discussed throughout this page that you could give to your dog instead.

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  • Can my dog eat bacon?

    While it shouldn’t be unsafe if snapped up in small amounts, bacon is often far too high in salts and preservatives to be healthy for your dog.

    Natural freeze-dried meat treats are a much tastier safer option.

  • Can dogs eat bananas?

    Banana is safe for dogs. Ripe bananas can be a good prebiotic for a dog, supporting the balance of essential gut bacteria.

    They also contain a good amount of potassium, copper and B6, each useful for anxiety, skin conditions and liver health. Bananas do, however, contain a fair amount of sugar and so should be fed sparingly. If your dog likes them, they could act as a great squishy alternative to cheese for hiding tablets in!

  • Can my dog eat beef ribs?

    Dogs benefit from raw bones but must never eat cooked beef rib bones. Cooked bone is dry, often brittle and is known to cause digestive issues, and may even damage your dog’s mouth. Raw bones, however, are full of moisture, chewy, flexible and have been part of wild dog diets since the dawn of evolution.

    Raw fed diets will often have raw beef rib bones included. And many dogs on this diet swallow raw bones whole. Typically, this is safe and makes digestion easier as dogs do not have digestive enzymes in the mouth as we do; for dogs, digestion begins in the stomach. A dog’s oesophagus is designed to stretch and cope with smaller raw meaty bones.

    Larger bones such as beef ribs then become leisurely, chewing bones rather than meal bones. If your dog has eaten cooked rib bones of any kind, perhaps stolen from a leftover garden BBQ plate, you must keep an eye on them and call your vet if you are worried.

  • Can dogs eat bee pollen?

    Bee pollen is safe for dogs, and while it is a food type in some respects – mostly because it really is so nutritious – ultimately it is a supplement.

    You can add it to your dog’s food as an anti-oxidant, anti-microbial supplement; bee pollen is also known as a liver protectant, boosting the function of your dog’s liver. A medium-sized dog could have around ½ teaspoon. It is safe for them to have a bit more, but medicinal amounts are typically around this dosage.

  • Can my dog eat beetroot?

    Yes, your dog can eat beetroot, however it would need to be cooked if included as part of a meal.

    Due to its starchy, sugary make-up, we would recommend that you only give beetroot to your dog in small amounts.

  • Can dogs eat biscuits?

    Dogs shouldn’t really eat biscuits. The ingredients that make up biscuits are not good for dogs: dairy, wheat, grains, sugars or sweeteners. The final product contains saturated and heat-altered fats that can contribute to inflammation, yeasts, skin and joint issues.

    Biscuits also usually contain a lot of sugar, which can upset your dog’s blood sugar levels and lead to behavioural problems, high-energy and even aggression in some dogs.

    As we humans look for alternatives to sugar, many biscuits are being created with sweeteners instead of sugars, and some of these sweeteners are toxic to dogs.

    With the vast range of dehydrated meat-based, super healthy, treats available for dogs nowadays there is simply no need to take the risk with food items like biscuits.

    Even biscuits labelled “for dogs” can have many grain-based ingredients that contribute to blood sugar imbalances, inflammation and yeast infections. The Bonio might be iconic but it’s not nutritious.

  • Can dogs eat blackberries?

    Blackberries are safe for dogs. Many dog owners will notice their dogs picking them in the autumn months from hedgerows.

    Blackberries contain a good amount of the mineral, manganese, which is partly how they get their rich dark colour.

    If your dog has skin ailments, digestive complaints, anxiety or need a boost to their bone growth, extra natural manganese is useful. As with many berries, blackberries are also a prebiotic, supporting the balance of microbiome in your dog’s digestive system. Depending on the size of your dog, as few or a handful is enough to add to your dog’s food bowl, and they can be added daily.

  • Can my dog eat blackcurrants?

    Blackcurrants are not entirely safe for dogs. They are in the grape family and, while we have not read definitive science that says they are toxic, we know that they contain compounds that can impact a dog’s kidneys.

    A more beneficial option would be blackberries or blueberries which are both safe and nutritious for dogs.

  • Can dogs eat blueberries?

    Blueberries are safe for dogs. They are in fact one of the better fruits that you could add to a dog’s meals.

    Blueberries are a wonderful prebiotic, helping to support and balance your dog’s microbiome. Depending on the size of your dog, you could add a few or a handful to their bowl of food every day. Blueberries have a good amount of vitamin K, C and manganese all super for boosting and repairing the digestive system.

    Finally, they contain useful anti-oxidants that can help with repair and oxidative stress linked to ageing and/or high-activity.

  • Can my dog eat bones?

    Yes, dogs can eat and chew on raw bones but they must never eat cooked bones.

    Cooked bone is dry, often brittle and is known to cause digestive issues, and may even damage your dog’s mouth. Raw bones are full of moisture, chewy, flexible and have been part of wild dog diets since the dawn of evolution.

    When fed a raw diet dogs often have raw meaty bones included. Many dogs on this diet swallow smaller raw bones whole – simply gulping them. See our beef ribs example above for why this can be beneficial for a dog’s digestive system.

    We’ve written extensively on feeding bones to dogs – why not read more if you’re concerned or are keen to add bones to your dog’s diet.

  • Can dogs eat brazil nuts?

    Yes, if fed as a crushed nut or powder, then brazil nuts are safe for dogs to eat.

    There is a risk of choking or intestinal blockage, however, if they are fed whole.

    Some brands of brazil nuts also have a mould toxin called aflatoxin, which is not ideal for a dog to eat and can contribute to skin issues, nausea or even – in extreme circumstances – seizures. The mould is all down to the storage, which, as the end buyer, is difficult to predict.

    If they have been kept in an appropriate way, with no aflatoxin growth, then crushed brazil nuts or powder can provide useful additional fatty acids and a good amount of selenium, which is often deficient in dogs’ diets.

    Brazil nuts also have lots of magnesium as well as and some iron and calcium too.

  • Can my dog eat broccoli?

    Yes, dogs can eat broccoli. Feed broccoli cooked as an addition to meals to add lots of nutrients, including vitamin C and vitamin K.

    One of the best things about broccoli is that its bioactive compounds, like kaempferol, are proven to reduce inflammation and even to protect from cell damage in certain types of cancers.

    Increased vitamin C can also help dogs experiencing anxiety or stress or recovering from an injury.

  • Can dogs eat Brussels sprouts?

    Dogs can eat Brussels sprouts raw or cooked, but, as with all vegetables, dogs will usually digest them better if they are diced or lightly cooked and can be included regularly on your dog’s menu to help relieve ailments such as arthritis or skin issues.

    High in vitamins C and K, Brussels sprouts are great for your dog’s immune system, for blood clotting, and bone health. The high vitamin C content also ensures your dog can absorb lots of iron from the meat they eat.

    Believe it or not, Brussels sprouts are one of the best plant sources of omega 3 fatty acids too, which, coupled with their antioxidant content, makes them great for reducing inflammation.

  • Can dogs eat butternut squash?

    Butternut squash is safe for dogs. And cooked squashes can be used as an alternative to pumpkin in balancing out digestive issues such as constipation or loose stools.

    Butternut squash is high in vitamin A – worth noting if you feed quite a few organ meats. Butternut squash also has useful amounts of B vitamins (including B1 and B6), as well as the minerals magnesium and manganese.

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  • Can my dog eat cabbage?

    Yes, dogs can eat cabbage; cooked or raw it’s safe for your dog to eat. Cabbage is most beneficial for your dog however when it is fermented into Sauerkraut.

    Sauerkraut made with green cabbage and no vinegar, has been shown to act as a natural probiotic, supporting the balance of your dog’s microbiome and potentially ameliorating digestive issues. Sauerkraut is fairly easily made at home with green cabbage or found ready-made from health food stores.

  • Can my dog eat carrots?

    Yes, your dog can eat carrots, which are safe and nutritious for dogs. They are a starchy, more sugary vegetable though, and so are best suited to more active dogs if given as an everyday food item.

    Carrots contain lots of the antioxidant beta carotene, which is converted to vitamin A, and needed for healthy skin and mucus membranes. Some dogs enjoy carrots raw as a treat to chomp on. They will be better digested if lightly cooked or finely chopped.

  • Can I give my dog cake?

    Dogs shouldn’t eat cake.

    The ingredients that make up cakes are not good for dogs: dairy, wheat, grains, sugars or sweeteners. Cake can upset your dogs’ blood sugar levels and lead to behavioural problems, hyperactivity and even aggression, and some of the sugar-substitute sweeteners are toxic to dogs.

    Nowadays, with the vast range of dehydrated meat-based, super healthy, treats available for dogs, there is simply no need to take the risk with (ultra-)processed foodstuffs like cake.

  • Can dogs eat cashew nuts?

    Yes, cashews are safe for dogs to eat and are always better fed as a crushed nut or powder (as there is a risk of choking or intestinal blockage if they are fed whole).

    Cashews are, technically a type of seed, which due to their softness are typically more easily digested. Some brands of cashews might have a mould toxin called aflatoxin, which is not ideal for a dog to eat and can contribute to skin issues, nausea or even in extreme circumstances seizures.

    Outside of aflatoxin growth, cashews can provide useful additional fatty acids and lots of lovely magnesium, which they are pretty high in, with magnesium much needed to work with calcium in both skeletal building and the immune response.

  • Can dogs eat cauliflower?

    Cauliflower is safe for dogs to eat, whether raw or cooked – ideally steamed to keep in the nutrients – and has plenty of vitamins B, C and K.

    Cauliflower is actually packed with useful compounds, such as antioxidant carotenoids and glucosinolates. In fact, the antioxidants in cauliflower have even been shown to offer anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory effects.

    Why not try offering some to your dog at least once a week?

  • Can dogs eat celery?

    Dogs can safely eat celery. Celery is high in water content, making it a practical treat or meal addition for your dog in the summer months – providing hydration and nutrition at the same time.

    This salad vegetable has small amounts of the minerals magnesium, manganese and even calcium, as well as B vitamins and a fair amount of vitamin K.

    With over 20 anti-inflammatory compounds so far discovered in celery, it can aid with inflammation. Moreover, as celery is so packed with water, it can be safely eaten raw; cooked celery would be less nutritious.

  • Can dogs eat cheese?

    Dogs can eat cheese as a very occasional treat, or could be used as a high-value find during scent.

    While not toxic to dogs, cheese – particularly derived from cows – is not ideal for them either, due to growth hormones and residual antibiotics. Cheese is often also high in saturated fats, which your dog cannot efficiently extract energy from.

  • Can my dog eat cherries?

    Your dog should not eat cherries. The stone is a real worry as it is high in cyanide but the flesh also contains traces of the same toxic compounds.

    Your dog should be fine if they eat the odd cherry, without the stone, but if they were to eat a handful, make sure to keep an eye on them and have your vet’s number handy!

  • Can I give my dog chicken bones?

    Yes, you can give your dog raw chicken bones but they must never eat cooked chicken bones.

    Cooked chicken bone is dry and especially brittle as it has many air pockets inside that support the bird in flight. In fact, cooked bones of all kinds are known to cause digestive issues, and may even damage your dog’s mouth.

    Try not to worry if your dog swallows raw chicken wings whole as it can make digestion easier; dogs’ oesophagi are meant to stretch to cope with smaller raw meaty bones like chicken wings.

  • Can dogs eat chickpeas?

    Yes, dogs can eat chickpeas. However, chickpeas fall short on quite a few of the amino acids that dogs need and so wouldn’t be sufficient as a protein source alone.

    Unless you were attempting to feed vegan proteins to your dog, chickpeas and chickpea flour might be better swapped with complete protein sources, or, alternatively, at a push, combined with cooked white rice to make a complete protein.

  • Can dogs eat chilli peppers?

    While chilli peppers are not poisonous to dogs, they are unsafe due to the irritation they can cause to a dog’s gut, where the compound, capsaicin, is often too much for a dog’s digestive tract.

    Most dogs likely wouldn’t eat a chilli pepper alone but if your dog has eaten some – perhaps mixed in with scraps – it may be worth keeping an eye on them and ringing your vet if needs be.

    Ornamental peppers often grown and safe to consume by humans are not safe for dogs. These contain a compound called Solanaceae which can be toxic to dogs.

  • Can dogs eat chocolate?

    No, dogs cannot eat chocolate. Chocolate is not safe for dogs; it can even be toxic in certain doses. While every dog is different the darker the chocolate the higher the risk of poisoning, vomiting, seizures and kidney problems.

    If your dog has eaten chocolate, we urge you to contact your vet.

  • Can dogs eat Christmas pudding?

    No, your dog should not eat Christmas pudding. If it contains dried fruits, like raisins and currants, it could even cause your dog severe kidney issues.

    Christmas pudding also usually contains wheat or cereal flour and sugar, which are to be avoided by dogs too. Not to mention the alcohol content often present!

    Please contact your vet if your dog has eaten your Christmas pudding this year!

  • Can dogs eat coconut?

    Yes, dogs can eat coconut. Coconut flesh, milk, juice and oil are all safe for dogs. The natural flesh can be a fun addition to your dog’s diet rather than an everyday part of their meal – although you should avoid sugared or sweetened versions.

    Coconut water is safe for dogs and contains many nutrients including potassium, manganese, natural sodium and electrolytes to support hydration. Dogs do not need very much to benefit, and over-consumption could lead to vomiting.

    Coconut oil is perhaps the best known and most useful part of a coconut for your dog. The oils contain anti-microbial compounds, including lauric acid, which can boost healing of skin issues, when used daily – both topically and in the diet.

    Many dogs enjoy coconut so much that they will lick it off a spoon, which can be more fun than simply adding it to their bowl!

  • Can dogs drink coffee or tea?

    No, dogs cannot drink coffee or tea. While these drinks might not be toxic for dogs, and they may appear to sometimes enjoy the taste of a cuppa, they can cause digestive upsets and contribute to adrenal fatigue.

    It is not recommended to give dogs caffeine full-stop as it could lead to dehydration. Even caffeine-free tea, which can contain residual caffeine should be avoided.

  • Can dogs eat courgette (zucchini)?

    Dogs can eat courgette. From the same family as cucumbers, courgettes also contain a lot of water, making them easier for a dog to digest than some vegetables.

    If fed lightly cooked, courgettes can provide useful amounts of vitamin C for your dog, supporting injury recovery or at times of stress. Courgettes also contain vitamin A, B vitamins and many minerals, including manganese, phosphorus, copper and potassium.

    While courgettes are safe for dogs to eat, they do not contain as many nutrients for dogs as other green vegetables.

  • Can dogs eat cranberries?

    Cranberries are safe for dogs and are one of the best berries that dogs could eat.

    Cranberries are unusual in that they contain an abundance of specific antioxidant compounds that reduce inflammation, support heart and kidney health and can even function as a minor antihistamine.

    Some of the compounds they contain also act to prevent bacteria such as e.coli from affecting your dog’s bladder and urinary tract; cranberries are also wonderful for relieving urinary tract infections (UTIs).

    Cranberry powder is a practical way to add a higher amount of medicinal value to your dog’s diet. Cranberry sauce is safe in small amounts (but often contains unhealthy amounts of sugar, which is better avoided). Lastly, cranberry juice is often high in sugar and lower in overall nutrition and so is the least beneficial form of cranberry for your dog.

  • Can dogs eat crisps?

    Crisps are not ideal for dogs – some may even contain enough salt to upset your dog’s digestive system or even affect their kidneys.

    The odd, accidentally, fed or found crisp is unlikely to cause such issues. Nonetheless, crisps contain heat-altered fats called trans-fats that can lead to inflammation, digestive issues and discomfiting skin conditions.

    Many dogs fed a diet of processed food become used to sodium and similar flavourings to crisps that are added to pet foods. This naturally leads them to crave crisps but is not a sign they need them.

    It is best not to begin feeding your dog crisps to prevent them craving these often unhealthy additives.

  • Can dogs eat custard apples (cherimoya)?

    Yes, dogs can eat the flesh of the cherimoya fruit but its seeds are poisonous to dogs, and even to humans.

    The flesh has a creamy texture which is where its “custard apple” alias comes from. Cherimoya is contains a lot of carbohydrate (mostly as sugar) and so isn’t an ideal food for dogs.

    If your dog manages to eat custard apple seeds, we would recommend calling your vet.

  • Can dogs eat cucumbers?

    Yes, dogs can eat cucumbers, best for them when eaten raw. They are, in fact, one of the better anti-inflammatory salad vegetables dogs can eat.

    Not only do cucumbers provide wonderful hydration for dogs but they also contains many phytochemicals, such as ligands, flavonoids and triterpenes, which have been shown to positively influence inflammation and inflammatory conditions (such as digestive complaints or itchy skin).

    It is safe to add cucumber to a dog’s meal every day for wellbeing reasons or even as a vitamin-rich treat.

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  • Can dogs eat dragon fruits?

    Sort of: dogs can eat the typically white flesh of the dragon fruit, and, unusually, its seeds too, but the typically pink skin of the fruit might be better avoided.

    While not replete with vitamin C, dragon fruit provide many other nutrients, including useful amounts of magnesium, known as the nerve mineral, which works with calcium for bone health.

    Because your dog can eat the seeds of a dragon fruit too they can provide beneficial fatty acids that are great for skin and joint health. Dragon fruit is also a great prebiotic for your dog with studies showing its potential in supporting the gut microbiome in dogs.

    Your dog could enjoy dragon fruit a couple of times a week, or once a week if they are having a variety of fruit or vegetables.

  • Can dogs eat durian?

    Durian flesh is safe for dogs. As with almost all fruits, however, the seeds and rind are not good for them. The seed is more like a stone in size and easily removed.

    Despite its slightly off-putting smell, durian is incredibly nutritious. Containing rich amounts of B vitamins – B1, B2, B3, B6 & B9 – as well as magnesium, manganese, potassium and, of course, vitamin C.

    If your dog likes this fruit, you can add this once a week or so as a treat/snack or contribution to variety in their meals.

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  • Can dogs eat edamame?

    Yes, dogs can eat edamame beans.

    And yet, much of soya grown is genetically modified and so edamame (which are simply young soya beans) may be better avoided unless you know they are organic.

    Broccoli and kale might be better green options for your dog.

  • Can dogs eat eggs?

    Yes, dogs can safely eat eggs, both the egg white and the yolk.

    Raw eggs can be fed to your dog as part of a raw diet but remember, given eggs contain bird embryos, that if your dog has shown intolerances to that bird they might be allergic to their eggs too. For instance, most shop bought eggs are chicken eggs, so that dogs with chicken allergies might also be allergic to their eggs. This isn’t always the case, but can be.

    Egg cooked with milk or even butter is still safe for dogs, however if you are cooking the egg specifically for them you do not need to add those ingredients. In fact, it is often better not to do so.

    Why not look for eggs from different birds such as quail, duck or goose to introduce different nutrition to your dog?

  • Can my dog eat elderberries?

    Small amounts of the ripe black or purple looking elderberries are safe for dogs to eat. Too many, however, may cause vomiting, as unripe berries or any other part of the plant (such as the leaves) are not safe for dogs.

    As there are many other useful, safe berries for dogs, it is better to leave elderberries out of your dog’s diet.

  • Can my dog eat escargot (snails)?

    While, yes, cooked, food-raised escargot should be safe for your dog to eat, the risk with  snails generally is that they could contribute to lungworm. And so, ultimately, cooked or not, snails are probably best avoided.

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  • Can my dog eat fennel?

    Despite looking a bit like an onion, fennel is actually good for dogs to eat – if they like it!

    Fennel has quite a pungent liquorice-like flavour that may put dogs off eating it.

    Fennel seeds are of the most use to your dog. They are fantastic for relieving digestive discomfort and have strong anti-inflammatory properties. A couple of teaspoons of these can be made into a tea, strained and given for your dog to lap up; they can also be added directly to food to help with gas or digestive discomfort.

    To fully benefit from the medicinal herbal support of fennel seeds we would recommend that you speak to a veterinary herbalist.

  • Can dogs eat figs?

    Your dog can eat fig fruits but should avoid the plant’s leaves or stem.

    As with many fruits, figs are relatively high in sugars and so might be best used as an occasional treat rather than as a meal addition.

    Figs can occasionally be used to help relieve constipated dogs. Your dog would only need one or two for this support; cooked pumpkin is thought to be a better laxative food, however.

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  • Can dogs eat garlic?

    Yes, your dog can eat garlic in small, medicinal, doses. 

    Garlic is a well-known, natural, antibiotic and prebiotic, meaning it will balance your dog’s microbiome, helping simultaneously to reduce any negative bacteria while supporting the growth of beneficial bacteria. Further, garlic is sometimes used as a blood purifier to put off biting insects, such as fleas.

    We would recommend you speak to a veterinary herbalist about dosages for specific antibiotic requirements, however, safe amounts tend to be around ¼ of a clove for a toy or small dog (4-7kg), ½ a clove for a medium dog (5-18kg) and one clove (not bulb!) for a larger dog (20kg and up).

    Our nutrition specialist, Caroline, has garlic as her go to herb for if her dog has, say, eaten something stinky out on a walk, or is showing signs of an infection, and simply chops it up before adding it to her dog’s meals. To this end, to ensure it is of the most use as an antibiotic, garlic is better fed as and when rather than simply given every day.

  • Can dogs eat ginger?

    Yes, dogs can eat ginger, however, it is better utilised as a herbal remedy than a food.

    Most dog owners know that ginger is useful for nausea and motion sickness and so can be helpful for car travel.

    The safest amount of minced, or very finely chopped, ginger to add to your dog’s food is around ¼ of a teaspoon for a toy or small dog (4-7kg), ½ teaspoon for a medium dog (5-18kg) and ¾ teaspoon for a larger dog (20kg and up).

    Many studies have shown ginger to be both anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer, and so the herb is worth looking into. A veterinary herbalist can further support you with specific doses for ailments.

  • Can dogs eat goji berries?

    Dogs can eat goji berries – also known as wolf berries, although nobody seems to know why!

    These berries are high in vitamin A, B2, iron and copper, as well as zinc, potassium and vitamin C, and, unusually for berries, they also contain a decent amount of selenium, a mineral important for immune system health and brain function.

    Goji berries are also packed with antioxidants. For dogs, it is always better to provide the real berries rather than the dried versions, have a higher sugar content per gram. However, as these berries are often difficult to buy whole, you could consider a powder.

    Goji berries are a food, not a medicine, and so there is no ‘dosage’ for supporting ailments Use common sense to provide a small amount of the powder to dogs depending on their size, a few times a week. Or as directed by a canine health professional.

  • Can dogs eat gooseberries?

    No, dogs cannot eat gooseberries.

    If your dog has eaten (more than two) gooseberries and is vomiting or appears otherwise lethargic, please do contact your vet.

  • Can dogs eat grapefruit?

    While grapefruit is safe for dogs to eat, due to its acidity, too much could cause digestive upset.

    Grapefruit is high in sugar so is not ideal for dogs, and the bitter taste is likely to put dogs off anyway.

  • Can dogs eat grapes?

    No. Grapes are not known to be safe for dogs. They contain a compound that affects their kidneys – even one grape can be bad for your dog.

    The severity of ill effects depends on the dog’s size, the amount of grapes that they have eaten and the dog’s general health. In any event, your dog is likely to vomit after eating grapes initially but could go on to suffer seizures.

    We would suggest calling your vet if you are worried that your dog has consumed grapes, raisins or sultanas.

  • Can I give my dog gravy?

    Yes, you can give gravy to your dog in small amounts but bear in mind that there will often be ingredients in it that are not great for them to eat or drink in volume.

    Salt levels are often high in gravy and instant gravy also often contains wheat, preservatives and colourings, all of which should be avoided.

  • Can dogs eat green beans?

    Dogs can eat green beans and will find them easier to digest if you feed them cooked.

    Like many green vegetables, green beans contain good amounts of vitamin C, A and B9 (folate), which your dog’s body needs for healthy red blood cells and to convert any carbohydrate they may eat – such as those in vegetables – into useable energy.

    Green beans also contain a good amount of both calcium and magnesium, two minerals that work together to ensure healthy joints, immune and nervous systems.

  • Can dogs eat guava?

    Yes, dogs can eat the flesh of guava fruit but you  should avoid feeding them guava skin, peel or pips.

    Guava contains one of the highest amounts of in vitamin C in a fruit, which can be helpful for dogs if they are under stress or healing from an injury.

    Vitamin C is also involved in collagen repair, so is also very useful for dogs with skin ailments.

    Your dog only needs a few cubes of guava every now and again in order to benefit from it.

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  • Can dogs eat halloumi?

    Halloumi is safe for dogs to eat but can be high in salt, so keep an eye on your dog’s thirst if they do eat some.

    Halloumi is traditionally made from sheep’s milk but most supermarket halloumi is made from cows’ milk, which is worth noting should your dog suffer (cow) dairy allergies or intolerances.

  • Can dogs eat haricot beans?

    Yes, your dog can eat a haricot bean, even a few. Nonetheless, haricot beans hold little nutritional value to a dog.

    They are better left for species that enjoy them as part of their diet. If they are fed, however, haricot beans to be first cooked, as it is unlikely that your dog could digest them raw.

  • Can my dog eat hazelnuts?

    Hazelnuts are safe for dogs to eat, if fed as a crushed nut or powder. There is a risk of choking or intestinal blockage if they are fed whole.

    Some brands of nuts also have a mould toxin, called aflatoxin, which is not ideal for a dog to eat and can contribute to skin issues, nausea or even, in extreme circumstances, seizures.

    Hazelnuts with no aflatoxin growth, either powdered or crushed, can provide useful additional fatty acids and vitamins and minerals.

  • Can my dog eat honey?

    Yes, honey is safe for dogs to eat, in small doses, however, while it is a healthier version of sugar, it is still sugar.

    Manuka honey is wonderful for skin healing, and safe if a dog licks it. It would be worth asking your herbal vet about using it if your dog has an ulcer or wound that is proving tricky to heal.

    Be wary, however, that the majority of supermarket honey is created by forcing queen bees to procreate and feeding worker bees sugars instead of the honey they need to be healthy. Ultimately, we love nature and nature really needs healthy bees to survive, so please try and buy honey from responsible sources if you do buy it for you or your dog.

  • I

  • Can my dog eat ice cream?

    Ice cream is usually packed with fat, sugars and/or sweeteners and so is not recommended unless it has been specially formulated for dogs.

    As a dairy product, ice cream is not toxic to dogs but they will likely find the diary proteins and sugars (namely lactose) hard to digest.

    Dog ice creams, on the other hand, are usually created with potato starches or coconut oil and some kind of natural flavourings. Do check the ingredients for any potential intolerances your dog may have.

  • Can I give my dog an ice lolly?

    Human ice lollies are not ideal for dogs, although you could create your own ice lollies from liquids they will find delicious, such as bone broth.

    Most ice lollies have flavourings, and some have sweeteners that can even be toxic to dogs, like xylitol.

  • Can my dog eat icing?

    Cake icing is mostly made of sugar and so is not suitable for dogs.

    While a small amount should not be toxic, it could lead to their blood sugar elevating and crashing, lading to physical and/or behavioural issues. Food items such as icing can also contribute to weight gain and unnecessary strain on internal organs, like the pancreas.

  • Can my dog eat inca berries?

    Inca berries (also called golden berries or physalis) are safe if your dog has accidentally eaten one or two but should not be encouraged as part of a meal.

    These berries are most commonly seen as a side garnish on restaurant desserts – the orange round fruit with the pale almost see-through leaf still attached to them.

    They are part of the nightshade family, and not a true berry. While they do contain carotenoids and vitamins, your dog can get these nutrients from more appropriate, true, berries such as blueberries, raspberries or strawberries.

  • J

  • Can dogs eat jackfruit?

    While jackfruit is not considered toxic to dogs, it is recommended this fruit is not part of their diet.

    Jackfruit seeds and rind are all toxic, and much of the jackfruit flesh available is flavoured to suit our human tastes – these flavourings could also potentially be upsetting for your dog.

    Jackfruit is simply a fruit better avoided by dogs.

  • Can I give my dog jam?

    Jam is not necessarily toxic for dogs to eat, provided the fruit used to create it is safe for dogs to eat. Please do refer to the fruits listed in this directory.

    Conversely, jam is typically packed with sugar, and sometimes sweeteners, so is generally not good for dogs to eat. If they (accidentally) ate a little of jam made from a safe fruit, it is unlikely that they would become poorly.

  • Can my dog eat jelly?

    No, your dog should not eat jelly.

    Jelly is typically packed with sugar and also often made with added sweeteners, some of which can be toxic to dogs.

    If the jelly is sweetener free, and made with sugar instead, it is likely to be far too high in sugar for your dog. Excess sugars can contribute to weight gain and put a strain on the pancreas.

  • Can my dog eat jelly beans?

    Like jelly above, dogs should not eat jelly beans as they are typically full of sugar and unhealthy additives, some of which can be toxic to dogs (xylitol is particularly problematic).

  • K

  • Can my dog eat kale?

    Yes, dogs can eat kale. It is, arguably, of the best leafy green vegetables that you could add to your dog’s bowl.

    Kale highlights include a wonderfully nourishing amount of vitamin A and vitamin C. Further, vitamin K makes kale a brilliant vegetable to add to your dog’s meals if your it has any kind of constipation issues, as vitamin K is required for large intestine health and stool movement. Kale also contains the flavonoid, quercetin, which is a known anti-histamine as well as the anti-cancer compounds sulforaphane and indole-3-carbinol.

    Finely chop and cook kale before feeding it to your dog and try to remove the harder stems too, which can be tougher for your dog to digest even when the vegetable is cooked.

  • Can dogs drink kefir?

    Yes, dogs can drink kefir, a type of fermented milk that is a great way to introduce your dog to lots of beneficial probiotics. Goats’ kefir is a lot easier for your dog to digest than cows’ milk versions.

    Some people worry about the histamine levels in fermented products, like kefir, but this should only be an issue if your dog is intolerant to histamine. To note, around 15% of dogs with skin or allergy symptoms also have a histamine intolerance.

    For the remaining 85% of dogs with skin ailments – and even all other dogs showing no skin issues – kefir can be beneficial. You can use it both as a topical skin lotion and as a food to boost beneficial gut bacteria.

  • Can dogs eat ketchup?

    Tomato ketchup is not toxic to dogs but could cause stomach upsets.

    The ingredients in ketchup are individually not ideal for dogs.

    Ketchup is usually made with tomatoes, sugar, salt and other flavourings. Occasionally, ketchups contain onions (which are toxic to dogs).

    If your dog has consumed ketchup recently, do check its ingredients and, if you are concerned, contact your vet.

  • Can dogs eat kidney beans?

    While dogs can be fed cooked kidney beans, raw kidney beans can contain a substance called phytohemagglutinin which can be toxic to dogs.

    Usually kidney beans are not be needed as a food for your dog unless you were attempting to feed vegan proteins to your dog.

    Kidney beans fall short on quite a few of the amino acids dogs need so are, by themselves, insufficient as a protein source.

  • Can dogs eat kiwifruit?

    Yes, dogs can eat kiwifruit.

    To note, while kiwifruit are also known as Chinese gooseberries, unlike gooseberries (which are not good for dogs), kiwifruit are safe for dogs to eat.

    Kiwifruit have lots of lovely vitamins in them and can really provide a boost in nutrition for your dog if they like them.

    They contain good amounts of antioxidants like lutein and zeaxanthin, which are great for eyesight. They also contain folate, potassium and vitamin K and are water rich, making them great as summer treats to improve hydration, or cold winter when our central heating systems are higher.

    Kiwifruit do contain lots of sugar, so aren’t recommended to be fed every day; 2 or 3 times a week should be plenty!

  • L

  • Can dogs eat lamb ribs?

    While dogs can benefit from raw lamb bones, they must never eat cooked lamb ribs.

    Larger bones, like lamb ribs can be given as leisure, chewing bones rather than meal bones. If your dog has eaten cooked lamb rib bones, perhaps stolen from a leftover garden BBQ plate, you must keep an eye on them and call your vet if you are worried.

    Dry cooked bones can compact in the gut system, and cause digestive upsets in ways raw moisture-rich bones do not.

  • Can dogs eat leeks?

    Leeks are not safe for dogs to eat.

    Members of the onion family, as leeks are, should not be fed to dogs.

    If your dog accidentally eats a small piece of cooked or raw leek, however, all should be well; if they eat more, then you need to look out for signs of anaemia, pale gums and vomiting and then to call your vet if you are worried.

  • Can dogs eat lemon?

    Lemon is not strictly toxic to dogs to eat but can still cause them to froth or vomit.

    Lemon rind is more harmful than its flesh. Despite the lovely high vitamin content, other fruits provide a more beneficial way to obtain these nutrients.

  • Can dogs eat lettuce?

    Yes, dogs can eat Little Gem, Romaine and Iceberg lettuce.

    Lettuce doesn’t contain many useful nutrients for a dog, however, and so is not of much value as an addition to their bowl of food.

    The main components of lettuce are water and vitamin A, which your dog can better obtain from other sources.

  • Can dogs eat lime?

    Lime is not good for dogs, and can be toxic too, with the rind being more toxic than the flesh.

    If your dog has eaten lime you must keep an eye on them.

    Anything more than an accidental slice and you may need to contact your vet. The compounds in sour fruits called psoralen are known toxins to dogs.

  • Can dogs eat liquorice?

    Liquorice is fairly safe for dogs to eat but it does contain a compound called glycyrrhizin, which can cause vomiting and kidney issues if eaten in large amounts.

    Please call your vet if your dog has eaten a large volume of liquorice. The odd accidental sweet, however, shouldn’t cause issues.

  • M

  • Can dogs eat macadamia nuts?

    Dogs cannot eat macadamia nuts due to their toxicity.

    As well as a potential risk of choking or digestive blockage, these nuts contain compounds which cause vomiting, weakness, muscle tremors and fever in dogs. Dogs should not be given macadamia nuts.

    It is recommended that you contact your vet if you suspect your dog has eaten any.

  • Can dogs eat mackerel?

    Yes, dogs can eat mackerel.

    If feeding any raw fish, including mackerel, the raw fish must have been frozen for at least 24 hours to kill off any potential bacteria or parasites in the fish; some people even prefer to freeze it for a few days, just to be sure.

    Raw or cooked mackerel is safe to feed to dogs, as are the bones (raw or cooked).

    The best type of mackerel is from the North Atlantic as it has much less mercury in it. These days, mercury is quite high in fish, so, even if your dog likes mackerel, you might consider feeding it just once a week.

    Many dog guardians feed oily fish such as mackerel for the omega 3 fatty acids and vitamin B12, both of which are abundant in this fish.

    Did you know that B12 supports stomach function, red blood cells and helps provide energy?

  • Can dogs eat mango?

    Yes, dogs can eat mango, and a few cubes or slices will provide your dog with lots of vitamin C.

    Dogs can make their own vitamin C but they often need extra if they are recovering from an injury, stressful situations or simple have had an over-active day!

    Mango is also higher in copper than many other fruits, helping to ensure your dog gets enough of this essential mineral.

  • Can dogs eat mangosteen?

    Mangosteen flesh is safe for dogs to eat, but do not feed them the rind or skin as this is too hard to be digested and may cause intestinal blockages.

    Mangosteen has been hailed as something of a superfood for people and is often sold in juices in health food stores.

    While it does contain lots of vitamins, they are in lower amounts in comparison to many other fruits. Mangosteen’s magic comes from antioxidant compounds called xanthones, which have been shown to reduce inflammation and have anti-cancer effects in people. Mangosteen’s sugar content is a little too high for dogs to eat regularly, but an occasional snack should be safe.

  • Can dogs eat melon?

    Yes, dogs can eat melon – watermelon, honeydew and cantaloupe too.

    Melon is known to contain compounds called cucurbitacin, which support natural worming.

    As melons are also quite high in natural sugars, they are not, however, ideal for everyday inclusion in your dog’s dinners. Instead, feed a few cubes of melon one or two days a week, alongside pumpkin seeds and cucumber, as part of your dog’s natural anthelmintic, anti-worm protocol.

    Lastly, like many fruits, melons contain lots of the helpful vitamins A and C.

  • Can I give my dog mince pies?

    No, dogs cannot eat mince pies.

    If they contain dried fruits, like raisins and currants, they could even cause severe kidney issues, with around 6 raisins per kg of bodyweight deemed to be problematic.

    Mince pies also usually contains wheat flour and large amounts of sugar, which are also to be avoided by dogs.

    Please contact your vet if your dog has eaten your mince pies this year!

  • Can dogs drink milk?

    Dogs shouldn’t really drink milk, particularly from cows.

    While milk isn’t toxic for dogs, it does have a number of drawbacks for dogs. Milk, especially from cows, is ultimately questionable for all animals except the animal nature designed it for: the baby cow. Cow milk often contains growth hormones, pus molecules and even residual antibiotics as this study shows.

    Dairy from goats or sheep have a different composition which means they are better digested by dogs than dairy is from cows. Organic goat milk and goat kefir products can even be very useful at times (see above).

  • Can dogs eat mulberries?

    Yes, dogs can eat ripe mulberries in small quantities but can suffer digestive upsets if they eat too many.

    The “safe” amount will depend on the size and weight of your dog but a few should be okay in a medium-sized dog.

    Unripe mulberries should not be fed to dogs. As there are lots of great berries for dogs (many mentioned on this page), we recommend avoiding mulberries and, instead, feeding berries such as blueberries or raspberries.

  • Can dogs eat mushrooms?

    Kitchen-cooked mushrooms are safe for dogs to eat, including button mushrooms, chestnut mushrooms, portobello, porcini and shiitake mushrooms. Wild mushrooms should be considered toxic; please call your vet if you suspect your dog has eaten wild mushrooms.

    In most cases, mushrooms wouldn’t offer nutrition unless your dog needed extra vitamin D content. Dogs can obtain most of their vitamin D content from the offal, such as liver, included in their diets.

    If your dog cannot have offal or organs, then you can include mushrooms to increase their vitamin D intake. You would need to add quite a few mushrooms to your dog’s diet to reach the target 500iu of Vitamin D per kg of food, but they can be fed every day alongside a supplement. Shiitake mushrooms have the highest vitamin D content: 18iu in 100g.

    A simple trick to increase the amount of vitamin D in your mushrooms is to lay them in the sun for a few hours, upside down. Mushrooms make vitamin D from sunlight just like we do and the nutrient value then goes up. Studies have shown it goes up over 5 times as much!

  • N

  • Can I give my dog nachos?

    Not really. While a nacho crisp might be safe for your dog to eat accidentally, we wouldn’t recommended you feed your dog any processed potato chip as they often contain wheat, cereals, flavourings and salts.

    Moreover, some nacho toppings like onion, garlic and cheese, could be toxic to dogs or at least cause them digestive upsets.

  • Can my dog eat naan bread?

    No, your dog should not eat naan bread as it can contain cereals and grains that can compromise your dog’s blood sugar levels, and can force their digestive system to work harder than it should do.

    Naan typically comprises of refined grains, usually wheat, which many dogs are intolerant of.

  • Can dogs eat nectarines?

    Nectarines are, occasionally safe for dogs to eat. The fruit’s stone should not be fed to dogs, however.

    Nectarines contain a lot of natural sugars, meaning that, if your dog likes this fruit, it is better given as a very occasional treat.

  • Can dogs eat noodles?

    While plain noodles should be safe for dogs to eat, we would recommend you avoid feeding them to your dog.

    Refined grains and cereals can cause dogs digestive upset(s).

  • Can my dog eat nori?

    Yes, your dog can eat nori in small amounts; larger amounts, however, have been known to block dogs’ intestines as nori can swell in the gut.

    This type of seaweed is usually found as flakes or as the rolled flat green outer skin of sushi. Many seaweeds are great for dogs as they are packed with vitamins and minerals, but they are often better used as supplements.

  • Can dogs eat nougat?

    No, dogs cannot eat nougat – not least because they could choke on the whole nuts inside it.

    The levels of sugars, flavourings and preservatives in nougat are typically not suitable for dogs either.

    Indeed, most sweets can dangerously raise your dog’s blood sugar levels, which can lead to behaviour and health challenges, including compromising the well-being of your dog’s pancreas, making it work harder than it should (expect to) to bring down those elevated blood sugar levels.

  • Can dogs eat Nutella?

    No, dogs cannot eat Nutella.

    Nutella is not recommended for dogs as the theobromine it contains – a chemical derived from chocolate – is toxic to dogs.

    The amount of sugars, flavourings and preservatives also present in chocolate and sweet spreads in most cases tend not to be suitable for dogs.

  • O

  • Can dogs eat oats?

    Yes, dogs can eat oats. They are a different type of grain to wheat or rice that can often be beneficially used in your dog’s diet.

    Gluten-free oats are the best type to feed – literally by adding them dry to food or as a snack soaked in water – and are particularly helpful for dogs that need to put on weight or need help with “hunger puking”.

  • Can dogs have olive oil?

    Yes, dogs can have olive oil. Generally speaking, there are better fats or oils for dogs, but olive oil has its own set of fatty acids and can be used in addition to, or instead of, other fatty acid supplements, which can be helpful if your dog cannot eat fish.

    The best type of olive oil for dogs – and yourself! – is extra-virgin olive oil found in dark glass bottles, which prevent the oil from spoiling in heat or light.

  • Can dogs eat olives?

    Yes, dogs can safely eat olives, both green and black, if they haven’t been salted or mixed with tomatoes, garlic or something spicy.

    Dogs cannot, however eat the seeds or pips of an olive.

    Overall, while olives are not toxic to dogs, they are not very nutritious either. As such, we would recommend feeding your dog other fruit, such as blackberries or kiwifruit instead. And olive oil, discussed above, has in any case, a more concentrated amount of the health, monounsaturated fatty acids that can support heart health and skin issues.

  • Can dogs eat omelette?

    Omelette may be safe for your dog to eat, depending on what else is served with it.

    Garlic or onion would both make the omelette a no go, as they can be toxic to dogs. Cheese could be okay in small amounts, as could tomatoes.

    Ultimately, scrambled egg(s) made without dairy products would likely be safer and more nutritious for your dog to eat.

  • Can dogs eat onions?

    No, dogs cannot eat onions.

    All types of onion can be toxic to dogs as they can reduce dogs’ red blood cell counts and affect their organs.

    Symptoms of eating onion can include lethargy, anaemia (including pale gums) and weakness.

    While it is unlikely that your dog would choose to eat onion, do watch out for onion included in raw and cooked meat products created for human consumption such as blended minces, beef burgers or sausages.

    If you suspect your dog has eaten even a small amount of onion, please do contact your vet.

  • Can dogs eat oregano?

    Yes, oregano is one of the safer herbs that most dogs can eat.  Oregano must be avoided by epileptic dogs, however.

    Oregano is a powerful antiviral, anti-fungal, antibacterial and even anti-parasitic that can be added in small amounts as a dried herb to most dogs’ food.

    Do not give your dog oregano tincture without first consulting your vet.

  • Can my dog eat oysters?

    Dogs can eat oysters. Raw oysters can be fed to dogs, dogs can also eat cooked oysters but it is not recommended to feed your dog the smoked versions as these can contain too many flavourings and salts.

    As with all seafood it is best to freeze raw oysters for at least 24 hours before feeding them to your dog.

    Packed with iron, omega fatty acids and selenium, oysters are also known to be rich in zinc and so can be a great addition to your dogs’ diet if they need extra support for skin healing and condition. Zinc is one of the minerals that needs topping up daily, and is pivotal to healthy skin function.

  • P

  • Can dogs eat papaya?

    Yes, papaya flesh is safe for dogs, but, as with most fruits, the seeds should be removed before you share any of the fruit with your dog.

    Papaya contains many vitamins, including C and A, B5 and B9, and so are great, natural, nutrient boosters for your dog.

    Perhaps the most useful attribute of the papaya, though is the digestive enzyme they contain called papain. This enzyme can help dogs to digest proteins, and so support them with digestive ailments.

    You could try feeding your dog a handful of papaya every other day to support their digestion.

  • Can dogs eat parsnips?

    Yes, dogs can eat parsnips and will digest them better if they are cooked.

    Parsnips often contain, however, a lot of starch and sugar and so should be fed in moderation.

    While there are many other vegetables that are more beneficial to dogs, if your dog particularly likes parsnips, they can be safely, occasionally, added to their diet as a treat to chomp on.

  • Can dogs eat passionfruit?

    Not really. Passionfruit rind and seeds are both toxic for dogs.

    As it is quite difficult to separate the seeds from the flesh it is not advised to feed passion fruit to your dog. There are lots of lovely fruits and vegetables much better suited to your dog’s needs and diet.

  • Can dogs eat peaches?

    Peaches are safe for dogs to eat, however they contain a lot of natural sugars that can excessively raise your dog’s blood sugar. Moreover, dogs cannot eat peach stones.

    Tinned peaches usually contain sugar syrup too which would mean they are definitely not great for dogs.

  • Can dogs eat peanuts?

    Peanuts are safe for dogs to eat if they are fed as a crushed nut or powder. Peanut butter is also safe in small amounts.

    Peanuts are a great source of iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium and phosphorus; as with most other nuts mentioned in this list, just watch out for mould growth.

    Peanut Butter is safe for dogs, as long as you look for a brand that does not contain the sweetener xylitol. Xylitol is toxic to dogs. Aflatoxins can also – although rarely – be found in peanut butter. So, again, use with awareness.

  • Can dogs eat pears?

    Yes, dogs can eat pears but pear seeds should be avoided.

    A few slices or chunks of pear can be enjoyed by your dog as an occasional snack.

    Pears contain antioxidants, useful flavonoid nutrients for anti-inflammation properties and have a quite a high water content and so can feel refreshing for your dog to eat.

  • Can dogs eat peas?

    Peas are a legume and so are not ideal for dogs to eat.

    For a boost of C, K and A vitamins, peas should be fed sparingly rather than included in your dog’s diet every day.

    To note, peas contain lectins which can cause digestive issues in some dogs if fed over a prolonged period, and, more worryingly, peas contain phytic acid, which can block mineral absorption.

  • Can dogs eat pecan nuts?

    No, dogs cannot eat pecan nuts, as they can be toxic.

    Pecan nuts contain a compound called juglone, which can cause vomiting, weakness and muscle tremors in dogs. Further, pecan nuts also carry a potential risk of choking or digestive blockage.

  • Can dogs eat pineapple?

    Yes, dogs can eat pineapple. Avoid feeding your dog dried pineapple or tinned pineapple – especially in syrups – however, as both contain excessive amounts of sugars for for your dog.

    Pineapple contains a digestive enzyme called bromelain, which is known to support the digestion of proteins and act as an anti-inflammatory.

    Pineapple can be fed to your dog once a week or fortnight as a treat or to support with digestive ailments, such as pancreatitis. Alternatively, you could give your dog bromelain specifically for these reasons.

  • Can dogs eat pine nuts?

    No, dogs should not eat pine nuts.

    While pine nuts are not toxic, as a type of seed, they are less easily digested and can cause digestive issues in dogs.

  • Can dogs eat pistachio nuts?

    Yes, pistachio nuts are safe for dogs to eat if fed as a crushed nut or powder.

    There is a risk of choking or intestinal blockage, however, if they are fed whole. This won’t definitely happen as it all depends on your dogs’ individual digestive health.

    As noted in other nuts on this page, try and watch out for mould growth – specifically aflatoxin – which could cause ill effects in dogs.

  • Can my dog eat plums?

    Yes, your dog can eat plums but they should not eat the plum’s stone.

    To note, while plums are generally safe for your dog to eat, their relatively high (natural) sugar content could outweigh their nutritional benefits.

    Instead of plums, then, we recommend adding berries, kiwis or even a little papaya to your dog’s bowl.

  • Can dogs eat pomegranate?

    Dogs should not really eat pomegranate as it is pretty difficult to separate its toxic seeds from its non-toxic flesh.

    The seeds would be hard for your dog to digest and may cause gastric upsets.

    Alternatively, some fresh pomegranate juice – with a high vitamin C content – could be a refreshing and nutritious treat for your dog. Offer it sparingly, however, as its sugar content could be excessive for some dogs.

  • Can dogs eat pork?

    In general, pork is safe for dogs to eat, however, pork comes in many forms and not all them are healthy for dogs.

    Cooked, plain pork, or pork liver is safe for dogs to eat. Raw pork, nowadays, is also safe for dogs to eat, if you freeze it properly (21 days is often recommended) before feeding it them.

    Pork food items, such as bacon, sausages or hams are very often cured, smoked or prepared with additional flavourings and salts, which are not good for dogs. Processed pork meats, such as bacon or salami, can contain nitrates, which were labelled as carcinogenic by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in 2014. While these substances are being reduced in the human food chain, they are unfortunately still being used in many pet foods. Indeed, some brands of pet food colour their kibbles with nitrates.

  • Can I give my dog pork scratchings?

    No, you shouldn’t give your dog pork scratchings as they often contain (a lot of) salts and flavourings that can upset your dog’s digestion.

    We would recommend, instead, feeding your dog a delicious, dried, raw meat treat instead of a human intended snack like pork scratchings.

  • Can dogs eat potato?

    Dogs should not eat raw potato but cooked potato is typically safe for them to eat.

    Potato is a starchy vegetable and should only really be given in small amounts. If your dog needs a carbohydrate in their diet then potato is better than rice, but the truth is that dogs are not biologically suited to eat lots of starchy carbohydrates.

  • Can dogs eat prawns?

    Yes, dogs can eat prawns. We recommend freezing them for 24 hours first to ensure any parasites or bacteria are killed off.

    You can feed your dog both raw or cooked prawns. You need to remove the casing on cooked king prawns first.

    To note, shrimp and prawns are different species but both are safe for your dog and both contain very good amounts of omega 3 fatty acids that dogs so often need as support for inflammation of their skin and joints.

  • Can dogs eat prunes?

    Yes, dogs can eat prunes, which are simply dried plums.

    While both prunes and plums are okay for dogs to eat, we ultimately would not recommend either due to their relatively high sugar contents. The sugar content in prunes is elevated as the water in them has been reduced.

    Prunes will not help a dog with constipation. Dogs have a different digestive system to us humans. Prunes would be more likely to cause stomach upsets than solve any digestive issues. Some prunes are also prepared with preservatives, which may not be healthy for your dog.

  • Can dogs eat pumpkin?

    Dos can eat pumpkin but it should ideally be fed to them cooked.

    Cooked pumpkin can be very useful for dogs with constipation, as it can nourish and moisten the digestive tract, as well as provide extra vitamins to support in healing.

    Pumpkins contain vitamin C, A and K, and, unusually, also contain useful amounts of vitamin E, which is much needed by dogs with inflammatory issues or skin ailments.

  • Q

  • Can dogs eat quail?

    Yes, dogs can eat quail. It can be fed as part of your dog’s raw meat diet or cooked, as long as all the cooked bones are removed.

    Quail eggs, both raw or cooked, are also suitable for dogs.

    Quail is a great source of iron, vitamin B6 and zinc, and so is a bird worth considering if your dog cannot eat poultry meats like duck or chicken.

  • Can my dog eat quark?

    Yes, quark is safe for your dog to eat in small amounts.

    Nonetheless, while quark is often a better alternative to yoghurt and cottage cheese (due to its lesser fat content), dogs, in most cases, find lactose and casein hard to digest. As such, we would still recommended that you keep dairy feeding to a minimum.

  • Can dogs eat quiche?

    Dogs should not eat quiche.

    While quiche is likely to be safe for your dog should they eat a small amount, quiche contains most of the food types dogs do not do well with from cheese, wheat and refined flour pastry to tomatoes, possibly onions, processed meats (like bacon or ham) and often other dairy products too.

  • Can my dog eat quince?

    While dogs can eat small amounts of quince, it is not recommended as a food for dogs.

    Quince looks a bit like a pear, but paler and wobblier in appearance.

    Compared to other fruits, such as berries, quince can contain a fair amount of sugar with not that much healthy nutrition to balance it out, and so is not an ideal food for dogs.

  • Can dogs eat quinoa?

    Yes, dogs can eat quinoa. Unless you were attempting to feed solely vegan proteins to your dog, however, it does fall short on quite a few of the amino acids dogs need daily and so wouldn’t be sufficient as a protein source alone.

    As with quinoa you would eat yourself, first rinse the dry seeds in flowing cold water and then cook as you would for yourself. Any colour quinoa is safe for dogs.

  • R

  • Can dogs eat radishes?

    Yes, radishes are safe for dogs to eat.

    Radishes are not the most nutrient filled vegetable though so would be better fed in small amounts as a treat rather than as part of a meal.

  • Can dogs eat raspberries?

    Yes, dogs can eat raspberries. They are easy to feed and contain useful prebiotics that can support your dog’s gut microbiome.

    Raspberries also boats lots of vitamin C and lovely manganese and, as such, are a great alternative to blueberries.

    Just feed up to a handful a day, depending on your dog’s size, for a nutrient boost and prebiotic support.

    We also recommend offering blueberries, blackberries and strawberries to your dogs.

  • Can dogs eat redcurrants?

    Redcurrants are not entirely safe for dogs to eat.

    Redcurrants are in the grape family and, while no definitive science says they are toxic, they can contain compounds that can deleteriously affect a dog’s kidneys.

    A better option for dogs would be raspberries or blueberries which are both safe to eat and very nutritious.

  • Can dogs eat rhubarb?

    Rhubarb is not always safe for dogs to eat.

    While its long reddish green stems can be safe to eat, rhubarb leaves are toxic.

    Rhubarb also contains malic acid, which, in higher doses, can cause vomiting. If your dog has eaten some of your rhubarb crumble the rhubarb in this will not be toxic, but, as rhubarb is pretty low in helpful nutrients, you should anyway look to other, safer and more nutritious foods.

  • S

  • Can dogs eat salmon?

    Yes, dogs can safely eat raw and home-cooked salmon. Smoked salmon is not recommended for dogs, however, as it can contain (excessive) flavourings, salts and cancer-associated nitrates.

    To note, you should always check where your salmon comes from. For instance, raw salmon from the Pacific Ocean is known to contain more of a parasite called neorickettsia, which can be toxic to dogs. Also, farmed salmon is often high in antibiotics and other nasties that keep salmon easier to farm in large numbers.

    Be aware that all fish can contain mercury so shouldn’t ideally be fed as a main staple meat source for your dog.

    As with all seafood, it is best to freeze raw salmon for at least 24 hours before feeding it to your dog. To properly kill off any of the above-mentioned neorikettsia, the salmon needs to be frozen at -20c. If this is colder than your home freezer can manage then you might be better buying ready-made raw meals from reputable brands (such as ours) or reputable responsible pet stores, who make sure they keep the meal frozen and have kept to the freezing protocols.

    If you are at all worried, simply cook the salmon – its nutrient levels should nominally change.

  • Can dogs eat sardines?

    Yes, dogs can safely eat sardines, raw or cooked from a tin. And the bones of sardines are typically too breakable and small to cause swallowing or digestion issues.

    Tinned sardines are a common addition to processed dog food, putting back in some of the fatty acids that dogs miss out on when eating processed dry or wet foods. If you are already adding sardines to your dog’s processed food, you might be closer than you think to making a full transition to raw and fresh food.

    It is best to freeze fresh sardines for 24 hours before feeding them to your dog. This should kill off any bacteria or parasites that may be living in the flesh of the fish. If feeding tinned sardines, it is better to use the type that are held in water or olive oil. Avoid tinned sardines mixed with tomato or in brine, however, as these can be too salty for your dog.

  • Can dogs eat satsumas?

    Yes, dogs can eat satsumas.

    To note, however, while satsumas, tangerines, clementines and mandarins are safe for dogs to eat, they do not hold much nutritional value.

    Dogs can better obtain nutrients like vitamin C from green leafy vegetables (and with fewer sugars). Your dog can eat these fruit if they enjoy them, however, as a treat, although we are pretty sure they would prefer dehydrated or freezer-dried meaty dog treats!

  • Can my dog eat spinach?

    Yes, your dog can eat spinach.

    Due to spinach’s wonderful nutrient profile, including vitamins A, C and K, as well as the mineral, iron, it could be a great addition to your dog’s food bowl, if they like it.

    Moreover, like kale, spinach contains anti-inflammatory, anti-histamine compounds like quercetin, kaempferol, lutein and zeaxanthin.

    To note, spinach contains higher amounts of oxalates – a compound that can influence kidney stones and mineral absorption – than most other vegetables and so should be fed to your dog only once weekly and definitely cooked, as cooking reduces this leafy green’s oxalate content considerably.

  • Can dogs eat sprats?

    Sprats are safe for dogs to eat.

    Fed raw, cooked or dehydrated as treats, European sprats – also known as Russian sardines, whitebait and bristling– are typically too breakable and small to cause your dog any swallowing or digestion issues.

    It is best to freeze fresh fish for 24 hours before feeding them to your dog to kill off any bacteria or parasites that may be living in the fish’s flesh.

  • Can dogs eat spring onions?

    Dogs cannot eat spring onions.

    Like all the onion family, spring onions can affect dogs’ red blood cell counts and even cause organ damage.

    Do call your vet if you are concerned that your dog has eaten spring onions.

  • Can dogs eat starfruit?

    No, starfruit is not safe for dogs to eat.

    Even a small amount of starfruit can cause vomiting and even kidney failure due to high levels of calcium oxalate. This molecule, despite its name, actually binds to and severely reduces the calcium in your dogs’ body, affecting kidney function.

    We recommend that you call your vet if your dog has eaten starfruit.

  • Can dogs eat strawberries?

    Yes, strawberries are safe for dogs to eat.

    Your dog can enjoy chopped strawberries on their meals every day, or even just a few times a week, for their antioxidant and prebiotic effects. Prebiotics are useful for balancing gut microbiota and supporting the digestive system as a whole.

    Strawberries are also relatively bigger berries, and so provide a little more water content to your dog than smaller berries can.

    Strawberries are rich in manganese, B9 (folate) and vitamin C, and they also contain a an antioxidant called anthocyanin, which are anti-inflammatory and have even shown anti-cancer benefits.

    We recommend alternating the berries your dog enjoys in their meals.

  • Can dogs eat swede?

    Yes, dogs can safely eat swede, although it will be better fed to them raw.

    For a dog, swede doesn’t hold a great deal of nutritional value, so a little extra vitamin C or bulking out a meal maybe be the only reasons to feed your dog swede. See also: turnip.

  • Can dogs eat sweet potato?

    Sweet potato is safe for dogs to eat and should be fed cooked as it will not be easily digested raw.

    Cooked sweet potato can be used to help a dog with constipation. It will nourish the digestive tract with both fibre, vitamins and moisture supporting this ailment. Moreover, sweet potato is rich in manganese, a nutrient which can often be lacking in a raw or real meat diet.

    Also called yams in some parts of the world, sweet potato is not from the same family of vegetables as white potato, and are not, in fact, actually potatoes! While sweet potatoes do contain an amount of starch, this is far less than white potato. If your dog needs something to bulk out a meal, then sweet potatoes are more in line with a wild diet than white potatoes are.

  • T

  • Can dogs drink tea?

    No, dogs cannot drink non-herbal tea.

    Some dogs may appear to enjoy the taste of a cup of tea but, while tea isn’t toxic to dogs, it can cause digestive upsets and contribute to adrenal fatigue.

    Herbal teas, however, can be great for dogs. Make sure to choose a herbal tea you know is safe for dogs or that your veterinary herbalist has suggested.

  • Can I give my dog toast?

    No, you should not give your dog toast.

    While toast (and bread generally) isn’t toxic to dogs, it offers very little nutritional value and can even contribute to common canine well-being issues.

    The higher sugars in refined products such as toast, bread, cakes and pastries can unbalance dogs’ blood sugars levels and also block nutrient pathways for needed nutrition such as vitamin C and essential fats. Bread consumption is also known to contribute to gut, skin and ear issues.

  • Can dogs eat tomatoes?

    Ripe tomatoes are safe for dogs to eat in small amounts, fed raw or cooked. Unripe tomatoes – that are in someway still green – are, however, toxic to dogs.

    Unripe tomatoes can cause sickness, intestinal damage and even drowsiness in your dog. As a moisture-rich, salad vegetable there is little nutritional value for your dog in a tomato.

  • Can dogs eat turkey bones?

    Your dog cannot eat turkey bones if they have been cooked.

    As mentioned throughout these examples, dogs can benefit from chewing on and eating raw bones. Raw bones are full of moisture, chewy, flexible and have been part of wild dog diets since the dawn of evolution. Conversely, cooked bones are dry, often brittle and known to cause digestive issues and sometimes even damage in your dog’s mouth.

    Many dogs enjoy a raw turkey neck to chew on, and others a raw turkey carcass blended – just like a Christmas dinner for dogs.

    If your dog has eaten cooked turkey bones keep an eye on them, feeding something lighter in the evening or not at all that evening could be beneficial for their digestive system as to manage the dry bone content.

  • Can dogs eat turnips?

    Yes, dogs can eat turnips. Although dogs are less likely to digest it well if it is fed to them raw.

    Like swede, turnips are so scant in nutrition for dogs that an alternative food should be sought out.

  • U

  • Can dogs eat ugli fruits?

    No, your dog should not eat ugli fruit.

    While it is not outright toxic to dogs, ugli fruit contains citric acid and so is bitter to the taste, which is likely to put your dog off eating it.

  • Can my dog drink Umbongo? (Fruit drinks)

    This fun drink from the 1990’s is making a comeback. Whilst it is not toxic, should your dog accidently drink some it will be far too sweet for them, contains citric acids and may contain flavourings or sweeteners all of which could harm them, or even be toxic.

    Dogs stay best hydrated with plain H2O, water, perhaps even filtered if you are going for the ultimate natural alternatives for your dogs.

  • Can my dig eat unsweetened chocolate?

    No, your dog cannot eat any chocolate that has not been made for dogs.

    While every dog is different, typically, the darker the chocolate, the higher the risk of poisoning, vomiting, seizures and kidney problems. The use of xylitol can also cause morbidity in dogs.

    70 grams of chocolate can be a risk for smaller dogs, while bigger dogs might get away with up to 400 grams. ZERO grams of chocolate is, however and obviously, the only recommended dose.

  • V

  • Can my dog eat vanilla?

    Yes, dogs can eat vanilla as a culinary herb, as uncommon as it might be to give this to your dog.

    Generally, avoid feeding your dog vanilla flavourings, however, as these often have sweeteners and sometimes even alcohol in them.

  • Can my dog eat veal?

    Yes, your dog can eat veal raw or cooked, with the cooked bones removed.

    Veal is rich in vitamins and minerals, such as iron and manganese, and is often included in ready-made raw meals for dogs.

  • Can dogs eat venison?

    Yes, dogs can eat venison, both raw or cooked, with the cooked bones removed.

    Venison is rich in minerals such as iron, manganese and zinc and is typically a lower fat meat option. Most venison is caught wild and so, likely, has had a healthier, perhaps happier life than farmed venison might.

  • Can I give my dog vol-au-vents?

    Vol-au-vents are unlikely to be toxic to your dog unless they contain onions, should they grab one from your buffet, however, they wouldn’t be recommended as a food for dogs.

    Vol-au-vents often contain wheat, pastry fats and fillings that are simply too rich for dogs.

  • W

  • Can my dog eat walnuts?

    Walnuts are safe for dogs to eat and are best fed as a crushed nut or powder.

    Powdered or crushed walnuts can provide lots of useful omega-3 fatty acids, which can help manage inflammation, as well as a good amount of copper and vitamin E, contributing to their status as a brain nut – and not least because they visually resemble small brains!

  • Can dogs eat watercress?

    No, dogs cannot eat watercress as it can be toxic to them.

    This view seems to divide the dog community somewhat, with many suggesting it causes nausea, vomiting and some describing kidney or thyroid issues and some veterinary herbalists often relying on it for certain phytonutrient values.

    Generally, we would recommend only using watercress for dogs under the guidance of a veterinary herbalist.

  • Can dogs eat Weetabix?

    Breakfast cereals, including Weetabix, are rarely ideal for dogs.

    Each breakfast cereal will have a slightly different ingredient list but as most are made up of grains, corn and often sugars, breakfast cereals are not best suited to our dogs.

    Dogs gain very little nutritional value from being fed grains, which can contribute to inflammation and digestive ailments, as well as yeast growths.

    In the past, with few ingredients and a mushy texture, Weetabix have been used to wean puppies.

    Nowadays, though, we know that puppies can have fresh real meat blended into a finer mince and should never need grain.

  • X

  • Can my dog eat xanthan gum?

    Yes, xanthan gum is safe for dogs to eat.

    This food thickener is often added to processed pet foods to create texture.

  • Can dogs eat xylitol?

    No, xylitol is very toxic to dogs.

    Double check the ingredients of products you may give to your dog such as peanut butters or yoghurts.

  • Y

  • Can my dog drink Yakult?

    Yakult is safe for dogs to drink and can provide a small portion of one strain of beneficial bacteria for your dog.

    However, dogs often find the dairy sugar, lactose, and the dairy protein, casein, hard to digest.

    A  better way to introduce lots of beneficial probiotic bacteria to your dog’s gut is by giving them kefir, also discussed on this page. Goats’ dairy is far easier for dogs to digest. And where Yakult has only one main strain of beneficial probiotic in it, kefir has many.

  • Can my dog eat yeast?

    There is no clear cut answer here as some food yeasts are good for dogs, and others are best avoided.

    Vegan nutritional yeasts can be safe for dogs to eat, as these yeasts do not support the growth of gut yeasts such as candida. If your dog can eat meat, however, then meat is a better source of nutrients like vitamin B12. And, on the whole, bread yeasts are to be avoided.

    Occasionally, you could try adding vegan nutritional yeast as an enticement to your dog’s food, however, if your dog is fussy we recommended solving the fussiness rather than tempting them around it.

    If your dog is fresh fed 90% of the time, a fussy dog is usually a full-up dog!

  • Can my dog eat yoghurt?

    Yoghurt is safe for dogs to eat in small quantities. Live yoghurt can provide small amounts of beneficial bacteria for your dog.

    You should always try, however, to keep any dairy products you feed them to a minimum. See Yakult, or kefir on this page for more information.

  • Can I give my dog Yorkshire Pudding?

    Yorkshire pudding is safe for dogs to eat should they enjoy a little from your Sunday roast, but it is not ideal as a food type.

    Its ingredients – wheat, dairy and, for some dogs, eggs – can cause digestive trouble or loose stool, however.

  • Can dogs eat yucca?

    Yucca is safe when used in a supplement form for dogs; it is not ideal for them to nibble at your house plant though.

    In a supplement or as a minor ingredient in processed pet foods, yucca can be beneficial for a dog’s digestion.

    Yuca, with one c, also known as cassava, is not the same as an ornamental house plant, or herb, but  is also known to be beneficial for immunity and digestive issues too and is what the tapioca is made from.

  • Z

  • Can dogs eat zebra?

    Yes, dogs can eat zebra, a unique and safe meat for dogs to eat raw or cooked, with cooked bones removed.

    It is quite rare to find zebra meat for sale in the UK, however it is worth feeding to your dog if you can.

    Usually zebra meat is low in fat and contains good amounts of iron, zinc, B12 and essential omega fatty acids. And, in case you were wondering, zebra meat is not stripy!

  • Can dogs eat zucchini?

    See courgette.

  • Caroline Griffith

    Author | Pet Industry Nutrition Consultant | Founder of Canine Flow \ Canine Mystery School


    4 responses to “What Can My Dog Eat?”

    1. Margo Lee says:

      Thank you this is a useful short guide.

      • ProDog says:

        Hi Margo

        Thanks so much for your feedback. We are always striving to provide as much information as we can to help you and your doggos when it comes to nutrition and many other aspects of their health and happiness.

        Team ProDog

    2. Lajren says:

      This is so helpful! The most comprehensive info I’ve come across so far. Thanks so much.

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